Author: Alexey Leonov
Location: ETNOMIR Cultural Education Center
“A hero is born among a hundred, a wise man is found among a thousand, but an accomplished one might not be found even among a hundred thousand men.”
PLATO – аncient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates, teacher of Aristotle (c. 427-347 BCE)
Plato, the founder of objective idealism, suggests the impersonal, universal spirit as the fundamental principle of being. Plato saw the true causes of things not in physical reality, but in the intelligible world – the world of “ideas.” The things of the material world can change, they are born and die, but their reasons or ideas are eternal, unchanging, express their essence.
According to Plato, a philosopher is one who seeks to ascend from a less perfect knowledge to a more perfect one. Plato created the doctrine of the unity and expediency of the world; made a rational view of the explanation and knowledge of the world; turned the dialectic into a universal philosophical method; created the doctrine of the ideal state, paying great attention to the moral qualities of citizens and rulers.
The philosophical heritage of the brilliant thinker is very extensive, and its influence is enormous and can be traced in all areas of the spiritual and scientific life of today.
WORKS “Apology of Socrates”, “Meno”, “Symposium”, “Parmenides”, “Republic”, “The Laws”