Pythagoras. 2010

Author: Alexey Leonov
Material: Shamotte
Location: ETNOMIR Cultural Education Center

 “Blessed be the divine number that gave birth to gods and men”.

PYTHAGORAS – аncient Greek philosopher, mathematician and mystic, founder of Pythagoreanism ( 570 – 490 BC).

“Numbers rule the world” Pythagoras argued and developed the science of number as the law of the universe. The philosopher formed the Pythagorean school, which played an important role in the scientific life of ancient Greece and made a huge contribution to the development of astronomy and mathematics. According to Pythagoras, the measure of all things is the number and the ratios between the numbers. The doctrine of Pythagoras affirms the immortality of the soul, sees the task of earthly life as bringing order into the inner world of man. Pythagoras first used the word “cosmos” in the sense of the entire universe and singled out its most important side: order, symmetry, and therefore beauty. Order is beautiful and useful, and disorder is ugly and harmful.

The Pythagoreans were engaged in astronomy, geometry, arithmetic (number theory), created the theory of music. The geometry of the Pythagoreans was mainly limited to planimetrics and ended with the proof of the Pythagorean Theorem.

WORKS: “On Education”, “On State”, “On Nature”, “The Golden Verses”