Moses. 2006.

Author: Alexey Leonov
Material: Shamotte
Location: Private collection
Size: 61,5 х 44 х 48

The sculpture is dedicated to Moses, the prophet called to the mission of creating a new state with new Jewish people. In Christianity, Moses is thought to be one of the most important predecessors of Christ: as through Moses the Old Testament was revealed to the world, so through Christ in the Sermon on the Mount – the New Testament.

The Jewish prophet and lawmaker Moses was a great scholar of Egypt, a priest of the God Osiris. He clearly saw the shortcomings and contradictions within the Jewish tribe, where on the one hand – a powerful call to freedom, on the other – an affinity to slavish wellfare existed; self-sacrifice, firmness were present at the same time as fear, cowardice, unbelief and betrayal. Prophet Moses was endowed with an extremely difficult, but extremely necessary mission – he led the Jews out of Ancient Egypt, united the tribes of Israel into a single nation.

On Mount Sinai, Moses received the 10 Commandments from God and went down to his tribesmen with the Tablets of the Covenant. But the untamed people were not yet ready to accept the High Teaching. Moses had to lead the Jews through the desert for forty years to educate them and turn a small tribe of slaves into a state. By difficulties and wanderings people’s consciousness was forced. The leader had to protect those who were able to perceive the basics of morality, who could become the seed of the Israelite people. In consequence there was such a strictness of the laws, the need to hold so many ceremonies to accustom people to discipline and order. It was a temporary measure necessary in those conditions for the education of the people.