HIPPOCRATES. 2014. Exhibition “Great Teachers of humanity”. ETNOMIR Cultural Education Center

Author: Алексей Леонов
Material: Chamotte
Location: ETNOMIR Cultural Education Center

“Medicine is of all the arts the most noble”.

HIPPOCRATES –  famous ancient Greek physician, an eminent surgeon of antiquity, the “father of medicine”.

Years of life  460 – 356 BC.

Hippocrates taught that the disease is not a punishment of the gods, but a consequence of natural factors: malnutrition, habits and the nature of human life. The school of Kos, to which Hippocrates belonged, tried to find the cause of the disease. The treatment consisted in the observation of the patient, the creation of such a regime in which the body itself would cope with the disease. Hence, one of the fundamental principles of the Hippocratic teaching: “Do no harm!”

Hippocrates singled out medicine into a separate science, parting it from religion. Hippocrates can rightfully be considered the “purifier of the medicine”. Devoting most of his time to surgery, he learned how to apply bandages and treat sprains, fractures and wounds. Hippocrates distinguished various stages of the disease and put a diagnosis into practice. He was the first to outline the principles of rational dietetics and developed diets for various diseases. He put forward and proved four principles of treating a patient: to benefit and not to harm; to cure like by like; to help nature; to perform all actions carefully, sympathizing with the patient.

WORKS “Aphorisms”, “Prognosis”, “Epidemics”, “On Airs, Waters, and Places”