Author: Alexey Leonov
Location: ETNOMIR Cultural Education Center
Ancient Greek sculptor and architect, one of the greatest artists of the the High Classical Period (c. 490 – 430 BC).
Phidias and the attic school of sculpture of the 550s BC headed by him played a leading role in the art of High Classics. This course most fully and consistently expressed the advanced artistic ideas of the era. Phidias is considered the founder of the European art.
Phidias was the chief adviser and assistant of Pericles in the implementation of the large-scale reconstruction of the Acropolis in Athens and in giving it its present appearance of the High Classical style. The most famous works of Phidias “Zeus” and “Athena Parthenos” were made in the chryselephantine technique with gold and ivory.
Art critics note his great skill of interpretation of clothing, his knowledge of the achievements of optics. In algebra, the golden ratio received the designation of the Greek letter φ in honor of Phidias – the master, who embodied it in his works.
WORKS Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Athena Parthenos, Athena Lemnia, Battle between Lapiths and Centaurs, Diadumenos